2) The Rise of Nationalism The effects of the Great Schism … Select all that apply. This event is known as the Great Schism. The Great Schism, or the schism between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church, is a complex issue that started well before the mutual ex-communications in 1054 CE. The term Great Schism may refer to one of several events in Christianity: * The East-West Schism, in 1054 between Western Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christianity. Find an answer to your question What was the cause of the Great Schism of 1054 between the Byzantine and Roman Catholic churches? * The Western Schism, related to the popes in Avignon versus those in Rome. Another reason was the Latin Church's addition of the term "filioque" to the Nicene Creed. * The Old Believers schism in the Russian Orthodox Church. He was the second pope elected by the same college of cardinals in six months, and for the first time in history there were two "legitimate" claimants to be head of the church in Rome. The East–West Schism (also the Great Schism or Schism of 1054) is the break of communion since the 11th century between the Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Churches. By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 8, 2020 1:53:27 PM ET Political, linguistic, theological, cultural and geographical differences between the Western and Eastern churches led to the East-West Schism of 1054. diff. What Were the Causes of the East-West Schism of 1054? The Great Schism can refer to two separate events. Soon after the papacy returned to Rome in 1377, there was a period of schism—known as the “Great Schism”—that produced several rival claimants to the papacy. The second is the Western Schism of 1378-1417. The Western Schism, also called Papal Schism, Great Occidental Schism and Schism of 1378 (Latin: Magnum schisma occidentale, Ecclesiae occidentalis schisma), was a split within the Catholic Church lasting from 1378 to 1417 in which two men (by 1410 three) simultaneously claimed to be the true pope, and each excommunicated the other. The Byzantine split with Roman Catholicism came about when Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne, King of the Franks, as Holy Roman Emperor in 800. A third reason occurred when Cerularius excommunicated bishops of Constantinople for using the term. There were two events called the Great Schism, both of which happened in the Middle Ages. One reason for the Great Schism was Michael Cerularius' disagreement with the Catholic practice of not allowing clergy members to marry. The seesaw battle between popes and anti-popes gradually weakened the idea of the pope as a central spiritual authority in the minds of Christians. 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