Railway Gun Big Bertha Rail Car Big Guns World War I Wwi Cannon First World Tanks A view of the Big Bertha, which needed an enormous crew to move and fire Railway Gun Champs Rail Car Big Guns Trains Canon Panzer World War I Military Muzzle velocity was 1,300 feet per second. Bertha's official name was the L/12 (the barrel was 12 calibrein length), or the M-Device. The event marked the debut of the Big Bertha howitzer in combat. Within a few hours, sufficient casing fragments had been collected to show that the explosions were the result of shells, noâ¦ Shells continued to land at 15-minute intervals, with 21 counted on the first day. :120 The main body of the shell was composed of thick steel, containing 7 kg (15 lb) of TNT. The mounting hardware allowed for an elevation range of +40 to +75 degrees and a traversal of 4 degrees to either side. Schlanke Emma ( Slim Emma ), Austrian 30.5cm howitzer disassembled and ready for transport. Many countries have built railway guns, but the best known were made by Krupp and used by Germany in World War I and World War II.Smaller guns were often part of an armoured train.. Railway guns are no longer used. Library ... Railway big bertha gun. It was displayed in various places in Nazi Germany until 1939. Model of the road-mobile "M-Gerät" (M-device) version. German 28 cm railway gun "28-cm K5 (E)", "Leopold" it "Schlanke Bertha",it's "Anzio Annie" (the allies). :120 The shells initially used had a diameter of 216 mm (8.5 in) and a length of 960 mm (38 in). The 42 cm kurze Marinekanone 14 L/12 (short naval cannon), or Minenwerfer -Gerät ( M-Gerät ), popularly known by the nickname Big Bertha, was a German siege howitzer built by Krupp AG in Essen, Germany and fielded by the Imperial German Army from 1914 to 1918. Lima H0 - L303501 - railway cannon - "Krupp K5" Wehrmacht's railway cannon 'Leopold' - DRG DC - in original packaging - mint. In 2011-2012, Mario Draghi promoted the measures he took in connection with the so-called Euro rescue operations as "La Grosse Bertha." Claims that another Bertha survived on Krupp's proving ground at Meppen, and was used again in World War II in the Battle of Sevastopol, are based on a misconception. * * * Either of two different sets of long range artillery produced by the Krupp works (see Thyssen Krupp Stahl) in Germany during World War I. During WWI the famous German armament manufacturer, Kuipp, had built huge a howitzer (a gun with a relatively short length for the diameter of its barrel) with the nickname "Big Bertha." The gun was designed in preparation for the Battle of France, bâ¦ This aiming arc was fitted with a massive "spade" that was buried in the ground and which helped anchor the weapon. Since it was based on a naval weapon, the gun was manned by a crew of 80 Imperial Navy sailors under the command of Vice-Admiral Maximilian Rogge, chief of the Ordnance branch of the Admiralty. The model can be seen at the Paris Army Museum Big Bertha is the name of a type of super-heavy howitzer made by the famous armaments manufacturer Krupp in Germany on the eve of World War I. The Paris Gun shells weighed 106 kg (234 lb). 'Dicke', meaning fat or big in German, is apparently not a reference to the physical aspect of Ms Krupp. from Sign in Try for free Sign in Try for free Price Guide; M.A.P.S. These, in turn, built upon Krupp's experience with building coastal defence mortars (Küstenmörser), such as the 30.5-cm Beta-Gerät, the first model of which had been introduced in 1897 (though other nations, including Britain and the United States, also built similar weapons).. Schwerer Gustav (English: Heavy Gustaf) was a German 80-centimetre (31.5 in) railway gun. The Paris Gun ended up being more of a psychological tool against Parisians while the Big Bertha … This baby was a railway gun developed by the Krupp family company who also developed the Big Bertha cannons in WWI. Big Bertha, the Howitzer L/14, manufactured by the German industrialist Gustav Krupp. Jan 1, 2020 - Explore LSSAH's board "BIG. Where Big Bertha Hit Paris. Big Bertha, a type of 420-mm (16.5-inch) howitzer that was first used by the German army to bombard Belgian and French forts during World War I. To prevent the weapon bogging down in muddy roads the wheels were equipped with Radgürteln, pedrail bands with feet to spread the load. The model can be seen at the Paris Army Museum, Big Bertha (German language: Dicke Bertha) — literal translation "Thick (or fat) Bertha" — is the name of a type of super-heavy howitzer developed by the famous armaments manufacturer Krupp in Germany on the eve of World War I.  The initial assumption was these were bombs dropped from an airplane or Zeppelin flying too high to be seen or heard. Nazi Germany Built the Biggest 'Big Gun' Ever (And it Was a Total Paper Tiger) It was more than 150 feet long, 40 feet tall and weighed almost 1,500 tons. The howitzer was mainly designed by Krupp's Director of design, Professor Fritz Rausenberger, and his predecessor, Director Dräger. Willy Ley, "German Siege Guns of the Two World Wars", Journal of Coastal Artillery, Feb, 1943, pp. Shells continued to land at 15-minute intervals, with 21 counted on the first day. This was by far the highest point ever reached by a man-made object, so high that gunners, in calculating where the shells would land, had to take into account the rotation of the Earth. Smaller guns were often part of an armoured train. The fuzes proved very reliable as every single one of the 303 shells that landed in and around Paris successfully detonated. Each shell was sequentially numbered according to its increasing diameter, and had to be fired in numeric order, lest the projectile lodge in the bore and the gun explode. [Note 3] Within a few hours, sufficient casing fragments had been collected to show that the explosions were the result of shells, not bombs. we tested it 800 times and only got 35 shots at ivan. max, my family made the glock hand gun, a good precision piece. The German press went wild with enthusiasm and declared the Bertha a Wunderwaffe. , Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, the Germans were required to turn over a complete Paris Gun to the Allies, but they never complied with this.. WW1 - A satirical cartoon illustrating the German gun personified as 'Big Bertha' attacking the city of Paris. Indeed, the trio make for a complementary set. Strictly speaking, however, Dicke Bertha, or Big Bertha, is only applicable to the 42-cm M-Device howitzer. The 28cm Kanone 5 (Eisenbahn) (schlanke Bertha or slim Bertha), was one of the most effective railway guns ever produced, and was large enough to have a major impact on the fighting, without being so large that it became too cumbersome to be used effectively. The name Big Bertha, which was derisively applied to the guns by Parisians under bombardment from them, is more properly applied to the 420-millimetre howitzers used by the German army to batter Belgian forts in August 1914, at the start of the war. The new weapon was a gun about 12 meters high, 47 meters long, weighing 1,350 tonnes and was firing 10 tonnes shells through a 30 meters long pipe. Big Bertha was a mobile artillery piece while the Gamma had to be emplaced before firing, though they â¦ For the first time in warfare, deadly projectiles rained down on civilians from the stratosphere". its not lucky, just precision. A railway gun, also called a railroad gun, is a large artillery weapon, built on, transported by, and fired from a specially designed railway wagon. Big Bertha, German Dicke Bertha, a type of 420-mm (16.5-inch) howitzer that was first used by the German army to bombard Belgian and French forts during World War I. Later in the Great War, an L/30 30.5-cm barrel was developed and fitted to a number of Bertha carriages in order to provide longer-range, lighter fire. Many sources say that Bertha is a reference to Bertha Krupp, heiress and owner of the Krupp industrial empire. This German 42-cm mortar shell fell on the Belgrade Fortress in the bombing of Belgrade, October 1915, during Mackensen's offensive. , Two Big Berthas were captured by the US Army at the end of the war. A railway gun, also called a railroad gun, is a large artillery piece, often surplus naval ordnance, mounted on, transported by, and fired from a specially designed railway wagon. what damage 'big bertha'could have done if the barrel wasn't already blown out. The unfinished V-3 cannon would have been able to fire larger projectiles to a longer range, and with a substantially higher rate of fire. Krupp first investigated the possibility of building a 35-cm weapon, but instead jumped to 42-cm as this was the smallest shell that could carry the large bursting charge required to fulfil the APK's requirements. A big gun like the K5-E couldn't be aimed in just any direction, either. US Army big rail gun,good condition kadee type couplings,16 wheeler on 4 bogies. A parody of the Paris Gun appears in the Charlie Chaplin movie The Great Dictator. From the ground up it was almost four stories tall, was over 150 feet long including the barrel, and weighed over 1,300 tons – for scale , the Space Shuttle weighs 2,000 tons. The Paris Gun (German: Paris-GeschÃ¼tz / Pariser Kanone) was the name given to a type of German long-range siege gun, several of which were used to bombard Paris during World War I. The legendary Krupp's Big Bertha, a German 42cm howitzer of the type used to crush the Belgian fortresses in 1914. It had to be transported in sections on ten railway cars — six for the gun and another four for the bedding. Only two operational M-Geräte were available at the beginning of World War I, although two additional barrels and cradles had apparently been produced by that time. During the war, the Germans gave numerous other nicknames to the M-Device. It was more like a small building than a gun. All this evolution happened right at the last possible moment, and it was not until August 1914 that the big howitzers moved off to war. The Germans, like their counterparts in Austria-Hungary, observed the outcome of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 with great interest where German Krupp guns were utilized to good effect by the Japanese in sinking all Russian Navy capital ships from land-based positions during the Siege of Port Arthur.  A crater produced by a shell falling in the Tuileries Garden was described by an eyewitness as being 10 to 12 ft (3.0 to 3.7 m) across and 4 ft (1.2 m) deep.. The "Big Bertha" is the only gun of the First World War whose model name has entered into colloquial speech and is also understood internationally. It could toss a 16 ½ inch diameter, 1800 pound, shell almost eight miles. Also called the "Kaiser Wilhelm GeschÃ¼tz" ("Emperor William Gun"), they were often confused with Big Bertha, the German howitzer used against the LiÃ¨ge forts in 1914; indeed, the French called them by this name as well. Officially designated as the 42-cm kurze Marinekanone 14 L/12 in Räderlafette (“42-cm short naval canon 14 L/12 on wheeled carriage”), the gun … The tube was 21 meters (69 ft) long and projected 3.9 meters (13 ft) out of the end of the gun, so an extension was bolted to the old gun-muzzle to cover and reinforce the lining tube.  This reduced drag from air resistance, allowing the shell to achieve a range of over 130 kilometres (81 mi). Informal. The largest French gun produce by Schneider of France the Obusier de 520 modèle 1916, a 20-inch (520 mm) railway "Fort Buster" to do what the German 16.53-inch Big Bertha had done at the outbreak of World War I and reduce the German forts in the final line of German defenses. The barrel was over 100 feet long, longer than any gun barrel in existence, and the body of the gun was bigger than any tank to see battle so far. The gun was capable of firing a 106-kilogram (234 lb):120 shell to a range of 130 kilometers (81 mi) and a maximum altitude of 42.3 kilometers (26.3 mi):120âthe greatest height reached by a human-made projectile until the first successful V-2 flight test in October 1942. Also called the "Kaiser Wilhelm Geschütz" ("Emperor William Gun"), they were often confused with Big Bertha, the German howitzer used against the Liège forts in 1914; indeed, the French called them by this name, as well. See more ideas about railway gun, guns, big guns. The barrel was over 100 feet long, longer than any gun barrel in existence, and the body of the gun was bigger than any tank to see battle so far. 'Big Bertha' captured. But it too has few plan views. Afterwards, he turned his model-making talents to building wooden models for museums, theatres, and other displays. The Railway gun no matter how impressive they were, had its heyday over 100 years ago and now is just a footnote in History. It was also featured on a postcard. The Breach Loading 18inch Rail Howitzer gun is one of just twelve railway guns left in the world and today it began its 387-mile journey from Larkhill, Wiltshire, to the Netherlands. [Note 4] The gun was mounted on heavy steel rails embedded in concrete, facing Paris. Fully assembled it weighed 43 tons, much less than Gamma, and did not have to be emplaced in concrete. The first howitzer was demonstrated to Kaiser Wilhelm II in March 1914, who was greatly taken by the new weapon, and the second was delivered in June 1914. The barrel was shorter than Gamma's by 4 calibres length, and reverted to the conventional Krupp sliding-wedge breech. The gun was designed in preparation for the Battle of France, but wasnt ready for action at that time. Rivarrosi HR 6113 - Wehrmacht's railway cannon 'Leopold' of the Deutsche Reichsbahn Gesellschaft (DRG) Railway cannon of the German army The Krupp K5 is a German 280 mm railway gun from the Second World War. The destruction of the St-Gervais-et-St-Protais Church inspired Romain Rolland to write his novel Pierre et Luce. Skoda siege gun: French 75mm: British 18-pounder: British 60-pounder: German 42cm "Big Bertha" German 40cm railway gun: French 40cm shell: Unexploded German shell: Diagram of a British field howitzer: Heavy Artillery Comparison Table Consequently, the APK asked Krupp for a more mobile version, and ordered one gun on 15 July 1912. ) The name "Big Bertha" subsequently came to be applied generically by the Allies to any very large German gun, such as the railway-mounted battleship guns known as "Langer Max" and the ultra-long range "Paris Gun". German 80cm ( 31,5 inch) gun, weighed nearly 1,350 tonnes, and could fire shells weighing seven tonnes to a range of 47 km ( 29 miles). For an instance of war-time naming of this gun as "Big Bertha", see, This overall weight of Paris Gun shells is not atypical for artillery of this calibre. Paris Gun, called Big Bertha by the French, and several other big heavy German guns of World War I Vehicles Edit MR 0-10-0 Lickey Banker , a large railway banking engine, especially of a 0-10-0 steam locomotive configuration A total of 12 complete M-Gerät were built; besides the two available when the war started, 10 more were built during the war. Figures stated for the weapon's size, range, and performance varied widely depending on the sourceânot even the number of shells fired is certain. The unfinished Iraqi super gun would also have been substantially bigger. This included the theory they were being fired by German agents close by Paris, or even within the city itself, so abandoned quarries close to the city were searched for a hidden gun. This included the railway guns which used mounted battleship guns known as "Langer Max" and the ultra-long range "Paris Gun". The steel giant Krupp A.G. â¦ War damage in Paris, probably result of shells from German army's "Big Bertha" gun. Nevertheless, most Europeans completely failed to draw the lessons the Japanese had taught — apart from, as mentioned, the Germans and Austrians (the latter also developed a series of road-mobile superheavy guns, including the 30.5-cm Schlanke Emma howitzer, the 38-cm Barbara and Gudrun howitzers, and their own 42-cm howitzer). Two copper driving bands provided a gas-tight seal against the gun barrel during firing.. The worst incident was on 29 March 1918, when a single shell hit the roof of the St-Gervais-et-St-Protais Church, collapsing the roof on to the congregation then hearing the Good Friday service. Strictly speaking, however, Dicke Bertha, or Big Bertha, is only applicable to … and furthermore, it could have gotten closer, but the damn rail tracks were thinner. The largest French gun produce by Schneider of France the Obusier de 520 modèle 1916, a 20-inch (520 mm) railway "Fort Buster" to do what the German 16.53-inch Big Bertha had done at the outbreak of World War I and reduce the German forts in the final line of German defenses. The name "Big Bertha" subsequently came to be applied generally by the Allies to any very largâ¦ The Heavy Gustav and the K-5s were the last hurrah for the railway gun and the train as a weapon of war. Writer and journalist Adam Hochschild put it this way: "It took about three minutes for each giant shell to cover the distance to the city, climbing to an altitude of 25 miles (40 km) at the top of its trajectory.  During the war, the Germans gave numerous other nicknames to the M-Device. It is now at the Belgrade Military Museum, Serbia. The K5 was the result of a crash program launched in the 1930s to develop a force of railway guns to support the Wehrmacht by 1939. One spare mounting was captured by American troops in BruyÃ¨res-sur-FÃ¨re, near ChÃ¢teau-Thierry, but the gun was never found; the construction plans seem to have been destroyed as well.  Cherubin had served with a Bertha battery during World War I. It weighed 150 tons, and was what the Germans called a Bettungsgeschütz, or "bedding gun", i.e., it was mounted on a stationary carriage that was emplaced in a concrete foundation, which took days to prepare.  The two operational M-Geräte formed the Kurze Marine Kanone Batterie (KMK) No. Their most successful design, nicknamed Big Bertha had its railroad offshoot, the Gamma device, which was a 42 cm gun capable of firing two types of ammunition ― one weighing 886 kg (1,953 pounds) and another 760 kg (1,680 pounds). Footage of damaged buildings caused by Big Bertha. Its official designation was the L/12, i.e., the barrel was 12 calibre in length, 42-cm (16.5 inch) Type M-Gerät 14 (M-Equipment 1914) Kurze Marine-Kanone ("short naval gun", a name intended to camouflage the weapon's real purpose). Dieter Storz, Bayerisches Armeemuseum A full-scale wooden model was built by Emil Cherubin in 1932. Then, with the variance determined, the additional quantity of propellant was calculated, and its measure taken from a special car and added to the regular charge. Petrograd would have fallen. With the discovery (in the 1980s) and publication (in the Bull and Murphy book) of a long note on the gun written shortly before his death in 1926 by Dr. Fritz Rausenberger, who was in charge of its development at Krupp, the details of its design and capabilities were considerably clarified. Big Bertha's Bark Is Worse Than Her Bite - Shelled Houses. The first 42-cm design was the massive L/16 (the barrel was 16 calibres in length) Gamma-Gerät howitzer, which was basically a scaled-up version of the Beta-Gerät. 1935 Press Photo Lindbergh Kidnapping Trial Witness Bertha Hoff in New York. 13-20, Michal Prasil: Skoda Heavy Guns, Schiffer Military History, ISBN 0-7643-0288-4, Articles with dead external links from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWbertha.htm, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Big_Bertha_(howitzer)?oldid=4378297. This work would eventually led to the V-2 rocket that was used in World War II. Railway GunBig BerthaRail CarBig GunsMilitary WeaponsPanzerTrainsWar MachineMilitary History Big Bertha German Howitzer Gun WWII Photo Print for Sale With thinner walls, the barrel was of generally lighter construction than Gamma's and fired lighter shells of around 830 kg. The Paris Gun was a type of German long-range siege gun, several of which were used to bombard Paris during World War I. Herbert Jager's book German Artillery of World War One has a great section devoted to this series of guns. Big Bertha was powerful enough against fortifications with her 2,200 pound shells but she inherently lacked the distance needed to contend with targets farther than 9 miles. The Paris gun emplacement was dug out of the north side of the wooded hill at Coucy-le-ChÃ¢teau-Auffrique. As for the German 420mm "Dicke Berta" commonly known as Big Bertha I've never heard of any large kit being made. They also improved mobility over the fixed Paris Gun by making the K12 a railway gun. Despite the ban, Krupp continued theoretical work on long-range guns. As for the German 420mm "Dicke Berta" commonly known as Big Bertha I've never heard of any large kit being made. The guns were so called because they were specially built to shell Paris at a range, never before attained, of approximately 121 km (75 miles). The Germans had always loved big guns. Paris Gun at S. Berliner, III's ORDNANCE Superguns, 7.7 cm Leichte KraftwagengeschÃ¼tze M1914, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paris_Gun&oldid=994464136, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 21:12.  The barrel was braced to counteract barrel drop due to its length and weight, and vibrations while firing; it was mounted on a special rail-transportable carriage and fired from a prepared, concrete emplacement with a turntable. Railway mounting for Big Bertha gun, c1914-c1918. At the start of its 182-second trajectory,:33 each shell from the Paris Gun reached a speed of 1,640 m/s (5,400 ft/s):33 or 5,924 km/h (3,681 mph). GUNS" on Pinterest. They used worn-out 38 cm SK L/45 "Max" 17,130 mm gun barrels that were fitted with an internal tube that reduced the caliber from 380 millimeters (15 in) to 210 millimeters (8 in).  The most spectacular success was against the nearby Fort Loncin, which exploded after taking a direct hit to its ammunition magazine. )… events, First World War / WWI, Western Front, Belgium, shell for a German 42 cm gun 'Big Bertha', Liege, 7.8.1914, Big Bertha. The shells killed 250 people and wounded 620, and caused considerable damage to property. Lima H0 - L303501 - railway cannon - "Krupp K5" Wehrmacht's railway cannon 'Leopold' - DRG DC - in original packaging - mint. They were the largest pieces of artillery used during the war by barrel length, and qualify under the (later) formal definition of large-calibre artillery. Paris, France. Darkone photo via Wikimedia.  Unusually for Krupp, both the Beta and Gamma weapons eschewed the usual sliding-wedge Breech mechanism in favour of a screw-type breech, after the practice common in Britain and France. Big Bertha gained a strong reputation on both sides of the lines due to its early impressive successes in smashing the forts at Liege. Nazi Germany Built the Biggest 'Big Gun' Ever (And it Was a Total Paper Tiger) It was more than 150 feet long, 40 feet tall and weighed almost â¦ Download this stock image: Railway mounting for Big Bertha gun, c1914-c1918. Between 320 and 367 shells were fired, at a maximum rate of around 20 per day.  ("Dicke", meaning fat or big in German, is apparently not a reference to the physical aspect of Mrs. It is believed that near the end of the war they were completely destroyed by the Germans.  Firing at the Cathedral of Notre Dame, the "Tomanians" (the fictional country that represented Germany) succeed in blowing up a small outhouse. The concrete used in the Belgian forts was of poor quality, however, and consisted of layers of concrete only, with no steel reinforcement.. The Big Bertha and Gamma Mörser were both developments of a 420mm siege howitzer designed by Krupp for Germany leading up to World War I. Just click on thumbnail for expanded image. A âBig Berthaâ in the transport state for the road. Paris Gun, any of several long-range cannon produced by the German arms manufacturer Krupp in 1917–18 during World War I. French Marines and an entire train composed of rail artillery. Pan past some railway cars; crowd beside; on to a big gun; pointing up; crowd completely filling street around. The name "Big Bertha" subsequently came to be applied generally by the Allies to any very large German gun.  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