Shah Jahan later shifted the capital to Shahjahanabad (now known as Delhi) in the year 1648,[20] but his son Aurangzeb moved the capital back to Akbarabad, usurping his father and imprisoning him in Agra Fort. The Empress Nur Jahan built Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb, sometimes called the "Baby Taj", for her father, Mirza Ghiyas Beg, the Chief Minister of the Emperor Jahangir. [98] To provide the city with adequate water supply, the Gangajal pipeline project has been initiated. Ram Barat (Hindi: राम बारात) is a part of Ramlila celebration in Agra. Agra Fort (16th century), called the Red Fort for its massive red sandstone walls, was built by the emperor Akbar; it contains the Pearl Mosque (Moti Masjid; 17th century), constructed of white marble, and a palace, the Jahangiri Mahal. The theme for the 2020 Taj Mahotsav was Sanskriti ke Rang, Taj ke Sang.[142]. Hindus are 88.8% while Muslims are 9.3% of the population in Agra district. The lake has nearly two dozen varieties of migratory and resident birds. They include the Jama Masjid, Chini Ka Rauza, Aram Bagh, Mariam's Tomb, Mehtab Bagh among others. Polluting vehicles are not allowed near the Taj Mahal. The construction of Sikandra was commenced in Akbar's reign, and was completed by his heir and son Jahangir in 1613. The decline of the Mughal empire caused the emergence of several regional kingdoms, and control of the city feel successively to the Jats, the Marathas, the Mughal, the ruler of Gwalior, and finally the British East India Company. connect Agra with all major Indian cities like New Delhi, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Bengaluru, Pune, Bhopal, Indore, Kanpur, Kochi, Gwalior, Meerut, Saharanpur, Dehradun, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Jaipur, Haridwar, Aligarh, Mathura, Alwar, Lucknow, Thiruvananthapuram etc. Finished in marble, it is one of India's many beautiful monuments and is set amidst landscaped gardens. There's a lot more to Agra than just the Taj Mahal, and in this video I aim to delve further into what else the city has to offer. [79], The development of infrastructure in the city is overseen by Agra Development Authority (ADA), which comes under the Department of Housing and Urban Planning of the Uttar Pradesh government. TRIVEDI (Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi) The city of Agra is believed to have emerged suddenly on the medieval Indian scene, apparently as a result of a whimsical decision taken by the … The estimated cost of the project will be Rs 8,379.62 crore and it will be completed in five years. The golden age of the city began with the Mughals. Inter-State Bus Terminal (I.S.B.T. The rivers in the region include Yamuna and Chambal. This is of the same class as New Delhi Agra Shatabdi Express, which takes 2 hours to complete its journey. We offer you the safest and the most convenient Agra Taxi Service.Our Taxi Service in Agra is quick and most reliable. Mughal emperor Akbar built Fatehpur Sikri as his capital and thus he commissioned the construction of several grand monuments, fortresses, etc. State-owned All India Radio has a local station in Agra which transmits various programs of mass interest. On 2 July the rebel force of the Nimach and Nasirabad contingents reached Fatehpur Sikri. OUR GOAL To increase incomes and improve food security for 30 million smallholder farm households in 11 African … Small in comparison to many other Mughal-era tombs, it is sometimes described as a jewel box. [55][56] This phenomenon often leads to big delays and sometimes cancellation of trains due to poor visibility. Omissions? A complex mausoleum, the Taj Mahal is often considered to be the world’s best example of Mughal architecture. Around 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. [69] Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. The museum-cum-public library is housed in an old heritage structure, built in 1922 and renovated in the 1940s. An insulted Shivaji stormed out of the imperial audience and was confined to Jai Sing's quarters on 12 May 1666. The Mehtab Bagh, or 'Moonlight Garden', is on the opposite bank of the River Yamuna from the Taj Mahal. The marble is coloured red to give contrast while working. The Jama Masjid is a large mosque attributed to Shah Jahan's daughter Jahanara Begum, built in 1648, notable for its unusual dome and absence of minarets. Ambedkar University (formerly Agra University), founded in 1927. Agra is one of the famous cities in India where I live. Specific dates of Agra origin is not mentioned in this epic. [125] Completed in 1653, the Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as the final resting place for his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The hot west wind, Loo blows mainly during April, May, and June with great force and can cause fatal heatstrokes. The Chini Ka Rauza, notable for its Persian influenced dome of blue glazed tiles, is dedicated to the prime minister of Shah Jahan, Afzal Khan. The Catholic minority is served by its own Metropolitan Archdiocese of Agra. ", "Historical Notes: Shivaji's miraculous escape from Aurangzeb's court will leave you spellbound! Verses of the Quran are inscribed on it and at the top of the gate are 22 small domes, signifying the number of years the monument took to build. The city is now a popular tourist destination and hosts tourists from across the world. [134] The four-storied tomb combines both marble and sandstone in its exterior. The original name of the gardens was Aram Bagh, or 'Garden of Relaxation', and this was where Babur used to spend his leisure time. The two routes are Sikandra to the Taj Mahal's east gate via Agra Fort and Agra Cantt to Kalindi Vihar. Incumbent MP Satyapal Singh Baghel of BJP won the Agra Lok Sabha constituency with a margin of 2,11,546 votes by defeating Manoj Kumar Soni of BSP. Lee comentarios de clientes y escoge el mejor hotel para tu estancia. The region around Agra consists almost entirely of a level plain, with hills in the extreme southwest. Queen Victori's bronze statues are also displayed in this Museum. The forbidding exteriors of this fort conceal an inner paradise. If traveling to this city is what you are thinking about, then Cleartrip will guide you. Agra is a major road and rail junction and a commercial and industrial centre known for its leather goods, cut stone, and handwoven carpets. According to the National Sample Survey Organization, in 1999–2000, 431 of every 1,000 employed males were self-employed in the city, which grew to 603 per 1,000 in 2004–05. Agra is on the main … This minor victory for the British was named the Battle of Agra. The only asymmetrical element of the entire complex are the tombs of her father and mother, which have been set side-by-side, a formation replicated in the Taj Mahal. The tomb has seen some damage to its minarets and other aspects, which was inflicted by the Jats of Bharatpur. Agra's role in the Indian Independence movement is not well documented. However, the monsoons, though substantial in Agra, are not quite as heavy as the monsoon in other parts of India. The electricity power distribution and bill collection in Agra is the sole responsibility of Torrent Power, a private sector company. [93] The MP for Agra constituency is SP Singh Baghel,[94] from Bharatiya Janata Party. [clarification needed], Sikandra, the last resting place of the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great, is on the Delhi-Agra Highway, about 13 kilometres (8.1 miles) from the Agra Fort. [141] The Mahotsav is hosted from 18 to 27 February every year. With a population of 1,686,976 (2010 est. The service is provided by Green Gas Limited. Post India's independence, Agra has been a part of Uttar Pradesh and has gradually developed into an industrial city, with a significant contribution to Uttar Pradesh's economy. The city's groundwater is also unfit for drinking, and is saline and high in fluoride content. [1] Agra can also refer to the administrative district that has its headquarters in Agra city. [31], However, when the Gwalior contingent mutinied on 15 June, all other native units followed. Traveling to Agra is easy thanks to the railway connectivity. The city that nurtured the likes of Ghalib, Tansen, Surdas, Nazeer and many more. Agra was the second most self-employed in India in 2007, behind Varanasi, followed by Bhopal, Indore and Patna. On 30 May some companies of the 44th and 67th Native Infantry sent to Mathura to bring in the treasury mutinied and carried off the treasury to the rebels in Delhi. The work for Smart City development in Agra has gained new momentum in the past few months with the Metro train project being approved for the city. An Agra craftsman working with marble stone inlays. Agra is on the Central Train line between Delhi (Station Code: NDLS) and Mumbai (Station Code: CSTM) and between Delhi and Chennai (Station Code: MAS) and many trains like Bhopal Shatabdi, Taj Express, Doon Express, Gatimaan Express, Bhopal Express, Malwa Express, Gondwana Express, Jabalpur - Jammutawi Express, Shreedham Express, Garib Rath, Tamil Nadu Express, Chennai Rajdhani, Agra Mathura Express etc. Agra division which consists of four districts, and is headed by the divisional commissioner of Agra, who is an IAS officer, the commissioner is the head of local government institutions (including municipal corporations) in the division, is in charge of infrastructure development in his division, and is also responsible for maintaining law and order in the division. [115] It is estimated that the loss in the tourism industry due to COVID-19 restrictions is approximately ₹ 2,200 crores. The history of the city before the Afghan invasions in the 11th century is unclear. Also, buses travelling on Yamuna Expressway continued to ply. [127] Perhaps most importantly, the 10,400 km2 (4,000 sq mi) Taj Trapezium Zone has been created around the Taj Mahal and other nearby monuments where strict pollution restrictions are in place on industries, following a 1996 Supreme Court of India ruling. The most accepted one is that it had its origin from the Hindi word agar meaning salt-pan, a name which was given to it because the soil in the region is brackish and salt used to be made here once by evaporation. Rail India Technical and Economic Service (RITES) had proposed 30 stations, 11 underground and 19 elevated, for two corridors of the Metro Rail in the city. The 99 names of Allah have been inscribed on the tomb. There are about 5000 to 7000 such units in the city. Agra Fort, large 16th-century fortress of red sandstone located on the Yamuna River in the historic city of Agra, west-central Uttar Pradesh, north-central India. Sikandar Lodi's son, Ibrahim Lodi, was defeated at the Battle of Panipat in 1526 by Babur, which marked the beginning of Mughal Empire. It was during the advent of the Mughal era that Agra grew as a centre of Islamic education. On each corner are hexagonal towers, about thirteen metres (43 feet) tall. Origin of Agra City. [137] The Aram Bagh, commonly known as Ram Bagh today, is one of the oldest Mughal garden in India, and was built by the Mughal emperor Babur in 1528 on the bank of the Yamuna. In the audience, he was deliberately placed behind men of lower rank. Details here", "कानपुर से पीएम मोदी ने किया आगरा मेट्रो का शिलान्यास, ताजनगरी में हुआ सीधा प्रसारण", "IRS 2019 Q4: Dainik Jagran & Times of India top most-read Hindi and English newspaper list - Exchange4media", "Radio City 91.1 FM Agra – Top 10 Songs of the Week", "Agra, Chengdu of China are now sister cities - Times of India", "List of MoUs/Agreements signed during the Visit of the King of Jordan to India (March 01, 2018)", "Data Visualizations – Asia – Sister Partnerships – United States – Asia Matters for America", University of Washington digital collections, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Agra&oldid=994383126, Articles needing additional references from September 2019, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from September 2019, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2012, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ashirbadi Lal Srivastava, History and Culture of Agra (Souvenir), 1956, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 12:44. The sex ratio in the city was 875 females per thousand males while child sex ratio stood at 857. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Operated by Wildlife SOS, Free the Bears Fund and others, the facility has rehabilitate over 620 sloth bears, which were exploited by a nomadic tribe known as the Kalandars as 'dancing bears', despite the practice being illegal since 1972. Train: Agra has four main railway stations – the Agra Cantonment, Raja-ki-Mandi, Agra Fort and Idgah Agra Junction. [143] Indigo will start flights to Bangalore from 27 March 2020 and direct flights from Lucknow, Varanasi and Bhopal to Agra Airport from 29 March 2020.[144]. Learn why Mughal emperor Shah Jahān decided to build the Taj Mahal. Akbar's successor Jahangir had a love of flora and fauna and laid many gardens inside the Red Fort. On 24 March 2017, State Chief Minister Yogi Aditya Nath approved the project. 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